Chemicals in the diet can turn into kidney stones. Kidney stones are hard mineral crystals that form within the urinary canal as urine separates. Urine usually has substances that either prevent the formation of stones or dilute them before they pose a problem. If the crystals are small enough, they can pass through the urine and out of the urinary system.
Kidney stones are more common in men than women. They are often very painful and thus need a proper course of treatment. UroFirst - Advanced Urology Centre offers advanced and comprehensive kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar. Our medical head, Dr. Sumanta Kumar Mishra an expert urologist in Bhubaneswar, employs state-of-the-art, invasive, and non-invasive treatment options to provide the best kidney stone treatment. Now, let’s know,
What Causes Kidney Stones?
Substances in the urine lead to the formation of kidney stones. Usually, the chemicals that mix to form stones pass via the urinary system. When they don't, it's because there isn't enough urine volume, which causes the compounds to crystalize and become highly concentrated. A lack of water intake usually causes it. The substances that make stones are:
- Uric acid.
These, as well as other substances, are waste products that leave the body.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?
It is possible to have a stone in the kidney for years without realizing it. However, patients may experience symptoms if it begins to move or becomes quite large. A kidney stone can cause the following symptoms:
- Pain in the lower back or side of the body.
- Nausea and vomiting with pain.
- Blood in the urine.
- Pain while urinating.
- Unable to urinate.
- Urge to urinate more often.
- Fever or chills.
- Urine smells bad or looks cloudy.
How are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?
Our kidney stone specialist will do a physical examination, review the patient's medical history, and, if necessary, order tests. These tests include the following:
- Imaging tests: An X-ray, CT scan, or ultrasound will help the doctor determine the size, shape, position, and quantity of kidney stones. These tests assist the doctor in choosing the best kidney stone treatment option.
- Blood test: A blood test can disclose how well the kidneys work and check for infection and biochemical issues that could contribute to kidney stones.
- Urine test: This test checks for symptoms of infection and the amounts of chemicals that can cause kidney stones.
How are Kidney Stones Treated?
Once diagnosed, our kidney stone doctor will first prescribe the most effective kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar. The treatment options include:
Our doctor may prescribe medicines to decrease pain, manage nausea/vomiting and relax the ureter to pass the stones. This will help the kidney remove the stones.
There are four different types of procedures for kidney stones removal. The first three procedures are minimally invasive, which means the surgeon reaches the body by a natural opening (such as the urethra) or makes a minor incision.
The surgeon introduces a small instrument called a ureteroscope into the urethra, through the
bladder, and into the ureter to accomplish this surgery. This device displays kidney stones before retrieving them in a surgical "basket" or breaking them apart with a laser. The smaller bits of kidney stones can then readily pass through the urine tract and exit the body.
- Shockwave lithotripsy
During this procedure, Dr. Sumanta places the patient on a specific surgical table or tub. Then, the doctor sends shockwaves of high energy through the water to the stone (s). The shockwaves shatter the stones, allowing them to exit the body more quickly.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
When other procedures fail to treat kidney stones either because there are too many, the stones are too large or heavy, or the stones are in the wrong place – percutaneous nephrolithotomy is considered.
In this treatment, the surgeon introduces a tube straight into the kidney through a small incision in the back. Then, the surgeon uses an ultrasonic probe to disintegrate the stones. The surgeon then suctions out these stones. So, patients don't have to pass any fragments.
Following the procedure, the surgeon inserts a urethral stent (an internal tube from the kidney to the bladder). The stent is removed one week later. In most cases, patients are retained overnight for observation.
- Open stone surgery
During this procedure, the surgeon makes a longer incision. It is rarely performed in comparison to minimally invasive techniques.
Why Choose Dr. Sumanta Mishra for Kidney Stone Treatment?
- Dr. Sumanta offers comprehensive diagnosis, management, and kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar.
- Moreover, Dr. Sumanta is adept in medical and surgical urological emergencies.
- Besides, Dr. Sumanta focuses on providing advanced, result-oriented, and cost-efficient kidney stone treatment.
Book an appointment at UroFirst to avail the most effective and result-oriented kidney stone treatment in Bhubaneswar.